If [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex] ║ [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex], and [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex] ⊥ [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RT}}[/tex], then [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RT}}[/tex] ⊥ [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex]

Step-by-step explanation:

We are given the diagram of parallel lines, [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex] and [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex], which are intersected by line [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex]. The prompt requires us to determine the relationship between [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RT}}[/tex] and [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RS}}[/tex].

Definitions:

Parallel linesare non-intersecting lines that are coplanar and have the same slope.

Perpendicular lines: the intersection between two lines that form right angles. Perpendicular lines also have negative reciprocal slopes.

Transversal : a line that intersects at least two distinct coplanar lines in at least two or more definite points.

Explanation:

We will use the given diagram and the following theorems/postulates to prove the relationship between lines [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RT}}[/tex] and [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex].

- The Parallel Postulate states that given line [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex] and a point that is [tex]\displaystyle\sf\doubleunderline{\underline{\underline{not}}}[/tex] on line [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex] , then there is exactly one line through that point that is parallel to line [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex].

- The Perpendicular Postulate states that given line [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex] and point R that is not on line [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex], then there is a definite line through point R that is perpendicular to line [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex].

- The Perpendicular Transversal Theorem states that given a transversal, [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RT}}[/tex], which is perpendicular to one of the parallel lines, [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex], then it means that transversal [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RT}}[/tex] is also perpendicular to the other parallel line, [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex].

Now that we have established the necessary postulates and theorem, we can state that:

- If [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex] ║ [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex], (Parallel Postulate) and [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{KV}}[/tex] ⊥ [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RT}}[/tex], (Perpendicular Transversal Theorem ), then [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{RT}}[/tex] ⊥ [tex]\displaystyle\mathsf{\overline{WS}}[/tex] (Perpendicular Postulate).

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Keywords:

Parallel Lines

Perpendicular lines

Perpendicular Transversal Theorem

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